Mood disorders have been ranked amongst the top 10 causes of disability and are a leading cause of absenteeism and diminished productivity in the workplace according to the U.S. Surgeon General, 1999. Mood disorders are of particular importance in the workplace as they have the potential to reduce productivity at work.
Mood disorders cause the largest disease burden in comparison to all other mental disorders. The result in the loss of work productivity when prevalent in the working population. Inherently, the workplace can also make manifest latent mood disorders destabilize, and aggravate symptoms and courses of mood disorders among workers.
Bipolar disorder, for example, can manifest in the form of poor judgment and impulse control, frequent mood swings, irritability, inability to concentrate, hyperactivity, and other common symptoms of the manic phases of bipolar disorder all affect your ability to perform your job and interact with others.
Depression resulting from work-related stress can impact vocational performance by ‘presenteeism’ (reduced work productivity while present at work) due to decreased concentration, reduced motivation, and decision errors, as well as ‘absenteeism’ (lost productivity from absence, e.g. non-attendant workdays, arriving late or leaving earlier than usual).
Negative feedback from individuals within the organization can cause decreased self-esteem, and reduced salary may follow and add on the stress level of depressed workers. If these impacts persist or get worse, more serious mental health outcomes, such as chronic disability and suicide attempt, as well as vocational consequences including repeated job loss can happen.
Human service occupations such as health care, education, and social work have been found to be high-risk occupations for mood disorders. Whereas other occupations such as lawyers, dentists, and artists have been associated with a higher risk for suicide.
In conclusion, the workplace can function as a secure base for promoting mental health if the platform is utilised correctly. Many workers spend more time at work than at home when they are awake. Therefore, it is beneficial to manage their health problems in the workplace, regardless of the cause.