This article will look at the impact of a highly effective team on the other components of the organization. It will also look at how every team can best optimise its performance, with a specific look at the different steps a team can employ.
This article seeks to outline the relevance and the impact of a well-functioning team in the success of an organisation. This impact can be seen in the current boom of team building activities for example. Additionally, it is evident in the rise of the categorization of different team types (e.g. the Belbin team types) that make a team more effective in its performance.
Although team building programs are empirically well investigated there is usually a limited view on team functioning as a mediator influencing other processes than just its own performance. Previously, very little has been mentioned about the wide range of influences on other processes like leadership performance, goal achievement, organizational success, and growth.
Since the knowledge of the importance of Human Resources as the greatest asset for successful organizations and in this respect also the relevance of employees’ social competencies, especially the ability to work in teams has increased, various trainings and programs to enhance that ability in every employee, manager, and leader have been developed in order to increase benefit.
In economic history there have been several types of management styles, however, a company made up of a team-based horizontal structure has been proven to be the most successful.
For instance, studies have found that team-building plays a significant role in mediating the relationship between transformational leadership and organizational success.
When having a closer look at the steps of the team building process it may be clear why a high-functioning team also contributes to and affects other organizational components leading to success. In fact, there exist many approaches on how to improve team performance. Notably, a bad structured team can bring more drawbacks than advantages for the company. Here is a brief look at and presentation of the most common team building practices serving as a framework that is proven to be effective and therefore being applied in many organizations.
It is necessary that every team member does know about the general goal of the project. Working in a team does not mean only to focus on one’s own task but also knowing how each member contributes to the whole. By articulating the vision, creating action plans, defining specific objectives and establishing timetables you can make sure that everyone gets informed and is up-to-date.
Each team member has its own type and its specific role in that team. Role-clarification activities are expected to achieve a better understanding of their and others’ respective roles and duties within the team. Further, there also should be a clarification of the group norms, general values, and attitudes which the team represents and maintains.
Even when the interactions between the team members are restricted to the work setting there is a need to be clear about each other intentions that mean having no hidden problems, misunderstandings or other potential conflict triggers that might obstruct the effectivity of the team. By getting awareness of attitudes and assumptions it is possible to attain mutual understanding. In that specific intervention, the participants usually get a request to reveal and clear up disagreements. In addition, teamwork skills as supportiveness and trust, communication, and sharing of feelings increase. Finally talking openly about any concerns leads to higher group cohesion.
Before enhancing something, it is needed to identify current problems and shortages in the team. Implementing focus groups that discuss specific situations and processes who recognize difficulties and issues that need to be resolved can help to locate major problems whereupon the relevant information is gathered in order to solve the problems as quick and effective as possible.
After completing team building activities together, employees better understand each other’s strengths, weaknesses, and interests and further achieve greater cohesion and synergy within the organization.
A good functioning team can serve as a role model on which the entire company can stick to. Building effective teams can be seen as a productive collective strategy to achieve almost every goal one has set. Allowing more creativity and variation leads to more productivity and effectiveness while removing boundaries. Feeling to be the right person at the right place in the right team promotes performing on ones’ best going in hand with greater usefulness and meaningfulness of work which benefits the company. Further, studies could show that team work leads to more job satisfaction which in turn reduces absenteeism and turnover intentions. Also, loyalty and integrity towards ones’ team entail higher commitment for and binding to the entire company.
When taking the pieces together, considering all points there should be probability to attain and remain team balance.
The effectiveness of teams is like small wheels in a big wheel where every single wheel is needed to keep the machine working – to keep progress.
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