For teams to be effective it is necessary for them to have a diverse composition of members. Each team member plays a distinct role, which enables the team to be a consolidated whole. Over the years, researchers have taken the initiative to carefully define and group individuals in various categories – referred to as team types or team roles.
Understanding which team type the different members of a team belong to leads to valuable insight on how team members can be predicted to think, to feel and to relate in certain situations. This behaviour can be either advantageous for the team and by extension the organisation or it can be disadvantageous. Either, there is a need for team leaders to have an awareness of their own role and that of members on their teams.