- Oct 22, 2018 9:55 am
Mood disorders are a mental health condition classified under their own category in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 5. Mood disorders are amongst the most common psychological disorders and are said to be on the rise globally. By definition, mood disorders are disturbances in an individual’s emotions that cause subjective discomfort and/or hinder a person’s ability to function, or both. They are primarily characterised by chemical imbalances (norepinephrine and serotonin mainly) in the brain. The DSM 5 distinguishes between unipolar disorders and bipolar disorders. Individuals who suffer from either depression or mania are said to suffer from a unipolar mood disorder whereas individuals who alternate between mania and depression are said to suffer a bipolar disorder.